DNF5 Package Management Utility

Synopsis

dnf5 <command> [options] [<args>...]

Description

DNF5 is the new version of DNF, a package manager for RPM-based Linux distributions. It has been completely rewritten in C++ aiming for better performance and reducing external dependencies.

Commands

Here is the list of the available commands. For more details see the separate man page for the specific command, f.e. man dnf5 install.

advisory
Manage advisories.
autoremove
Remove unneeded packages.
check
Check for problems in the package database.
check-upgrade
Check for available package upgrades.
clean
Remove or invalidate cached data.
distro-sync
Upgrade or downgrade installed packages to the latest available version.
downgrade
Downgrade packages.
download
Download packages.
environment
Manage comps environments.
group
Manage comps groups.
info
Provide detailed information about installed or available packages.
install
Install packages.
leaves
List groups of leaf packages.
list
List installed or available packages.
makecache
Generate the metadata cache.
mark
Change the reason of an installed package.
module
Manage modules.
offline
Manage offline transactions.
provides
Find what package provides the given value.
reinstall
Reinstall packages.
remove
Remove packages.
repo
Manage repositories.
repoquery
Search for packages in repositories.
search
Search for packages using keywords.
swap
Remove software and install another in the single transaction.
system-upgrade
Upgrade the system to a new major release.
upgrade
Upgrade packages.
versionlock
Protect packages from updates to newer versions.

Plugin commands

Here is the list of the commands available as plugins. These are available after installing the dnf5-plugins package.

automatic
Alternative CLI to dnf upgrade suitable to be executed automatically and regularly from systemd timers, cron jobs and similar.
builddep
Install missing dependencies for building an RPM package.
changelog
Show package changelogs.
config-manager
Manages main configuration, repositories configuration, and variables.
copr
Manage Copr repositories (add-ons provided by users/community/third-party).
needs-restarting
Determine whether the system should be rebooted.
repoclosure
Display a list of unresolved dependencies for repositories.

Options

Following options are applicable in the general context for any dnf5 command:

--assumeno
Automatically answer no for all questions.
--best
Try the best available package versions in transactions.

Specifically during dnf upgrade, which by default skips over updates that can not be installed for dependency reasons, the switch forces DNF5 to only consider the latest packages. When running into packages with broken dependencies, DNF5 will fail giving the reason why the latest version can not be installed.

Note that the use of the newest available version is only guaranteed for the packages directly requested (e.g. as a command line arguments), and the solver may use older versions of dependencies to meet their requirements.

-C, --cacheonly
Use only cached data for working with packages and repository metadata.
Cache won’t be updated, even if it is expired.
--comment=COMMENT
Add a comment to the transaction history.
--config=CONFIG_FILE_PATH
Define configuration file location.
--debugsolver
Dump additional data from solver for debugging purposes.
Data are saved in ./debugdata.
--disable-plugin=PLUGIN_NAME,...
Disable specified libdnf5 library plugins for the purpose of the current DNF5 command.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are names, or a glob of names.
--disable-repo=REPO_ID,...
Temporarily disable active repositories for the purpose of the current DNF5 command.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are ids, or a glob of ids.
--dump-main-config
Print main configuration values to stdout.
--dump-repo-config=REPO_ID,...
Print repository configuration values to stdout.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are ids, or a glob of ids.
--dump-variables
Print variable values to stdout.
--enable-plugin=PLUGIN_NAME,...
Enable specified libdnf5 library plugins for the purpose of the current DNF5 command.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are names, or a glob of names.
--enable-repo=REPO_ID,...
Temporarily enable additional repositories for the purpose of the current DNF5 command.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are ids, or a glob of ids.
--forcearch=ARCH
Force the use of a specific architecture.
See dnf5-forcearch(7) for more info.
-h, --help
Show the help.
--installroot=ABSOLUTE_PATH
Setup installroot path.
Absolute path is required.
See dnf5-installroot(7) for more info.
--no-best
Do not limit the transaction to the best candidates only.
--no-docs
Do not install any files that are marked as a documentation (which includes man pages and texinfo documents).
It sets the RPMTRANS_FLAG_NODOCS flag.
--no-gpgchecks
Skip checking GPG signatures on packages (if RPM policy allows that).
--no-plugins
Disable all libdnf5 plugins.
-q, --quiet

In combination with a non-interactive command, shows just the relevant content. Suppresses messages notifying about the current state or actions of DNF5.

--refresh
Force refreshing metadata before running the command.
--repo=REPO_ID,...
Enable just specified repositories.
This is a list option which can be specified multiple times.
Accepted values are ids, or a glob of ids.
--repofrompath=REPO_ID,REPO_PATH

Specify a repository to add to the repositories only for this run. Can be used multiple times.

The new repository id is specified by REPO_ID and its baseurl by REPO_PATH. Variables in both values are substituted before creating the repo.

The configuration of the new repository can be adjusted using options --setopt=REPO_ID.option=value.

If you want only packages from this repository to be available, combine this option with --repo=REPO_ID switch.

--releasever=RELEASEVER
Override the value of the distribution release in configuration files.
This can affect cache paths, values in configuration files and mirrorlist URLs.
--setopt=[REPO_ID.]OPTION=VALUE
Override a configuration option from the configuration file.
The REPO_ID parameter is used to override options for repositories.

Values for the options like excludepkgs, includepkgs, installonlypkgs and tsflags are appended to the original value, they do not override it. However, specifying an empty value (e.g. --setopt=tsflags=) will clear the option.

--setvar=VAR_NAME=VALUE
Override a DNF5 variable value, like arch, releasever, etc.
--show-new-leaves
Show newly installed leaf packages and packages that became leaves after a transaction.
--use-host-config
Use configuration files and variable definitions from the host system rather than the installroot.
See dnf5-installroot(7) for more info.
--version
Display the version of the dnf5 application and libdnf5 library, along with successfully loaded plugins and their versions, and then exit.
-y, --assumeyes
Automatically answer yes for all questions.
-x PACKAGE-SPEC,..., --exclude=PACKAGE-SPEC,...
Exclude packages specified in PACKAGE-SPEC arguments from the transaction.
This is a list option.

Metadata Synchronization

Correct operation of DNF5 depends on having an access to up-to-date data from the all enabled repositories, but contacting remote mirrors on every operation considerably slows it down and costs bandwidth for both the client and the repository provider. The metadata_expire repository configuration option is used by DNF5 to determine whether a particular local copy of repository data is due to be re-synced. It is crucial that the repository providers set the option well, namely to a value where it is guaranteed that if particular metadata was available in time T on the server, then all packages it references will still be available for download from the server in time T + metadata_expire.

To further reduce the bandwidth load, some of the commands where having up-to-date metadata is not critical (e.g. the group list command) do not look at whether a repository is expired and whenever any version of it is locally available to the user’s account, it will be used.

Refer to the dnf5-caching(7) for more info regarding metadata and packages caching.

Configuration Files Replacement Policy

The updated packages could replace the old modified configuration files with the new ones or keep the older files. Neither of the files are actually replaced. To the conflicting ones RPM gives additional suffix to the origin name. Which file should maintain the true name after transaction is not controlled by package manager, but is specified by each package itself, following packaging guideline.

Exit Codes

The dnf5 command in general exits with the following return values:

0
Operation was successful.
1
An error occurred during processing of the command.
2
An error occurred during parsing the arguments.

Other exit codes could be returned by the specific command itself, see its documentation for more info.

Files

Cache Files

/var/cache/libdnf5/

Main Configuration

/etc/dnf/dnf.conf

Repository Configuration

/etc/yum.repos.d/

Repository Persistence

/var/lib/dnf/

System State

/usr/lib/sysimage/libdnf5/

Environment

DNF5_PLUGINS_DIR

Override a directory with DNF5 application plugins. Set it to an empty string to disable loading the application plugins.

LIBDNF_PLUGINS_CONFIG_DIR

Override a directory with libdnf5 plugin’s configuration files.

See Also

Commands:
dnf5-advisory(8), Advisory command
dnf5-autoremove(8), Autoremove command
dnf5-check(8), Check command
dnf5-check-upgrade(8), Check-Upgrade command
dnf5-clean(8), Clean command
dnf5-distro-sync(8), Distro-Sync command
dnf5-downgrade(8), Downgrade command
dnf5-download(8), Download command
dnf5-environment(8), Environment command
dnf5-group(8), Group command
dnf5-info(8), Info command
dnf5-install(8), Install command
dnf5-leaves(8), Leaves command
dnf5-list(8), List command
dnf5-makecache(8), Makecache command
dnf5-mark(8), Mark command
dnf5-module(8), Module command
dnf5-offline(8), Offline command
dnf5-provides(8), Provides command
dnf5-reinstall(8), Reinstall command
dnf5-remove(8), Remove command
dnf5-repo(8), Repo command
dnf5-repoquery(8), Repoquery command
dnf5-search(8), Search command
dnf5-swap(8), Swap command
dnf5-system-upgrade(8), System-Upgrade command
dnf5-upgrade(8), Upgrade command
dnf5-versionlock(8), Versionlock command
Application Plugins:
dnf5-automatic(8), Automatic command
dnf5-builddep(8), Builddep command
dnf5-changelog(8), Changelog command
dnf5-config-manager(8), Config-manager command
dnf5-copr(8), Copr command
dnf5-needs-restarting(8), Needs-Restarting command
dnf5-repoclosure(8), Repoclosure command
Library Plugins:
libdnf5-actions(8), Actions plugin
Configuration:
Miscellaneous:
dnf5-caching(7), Caching
dnf5-forcearch(7), Forcearch parameter
dnf5-installroot(7), Installroot parameter
dnf5-specs(7), Patterns specification
Project homepage: